Barcelos

Barcelos is a small and pleasant city. There is a controversy re: its age. Some say it has existed since the Palaeolithic Era and was an important town under the Romans. Others say Barcelos only came into existence at the same time as Portugal. There is also controversy over its name. Some say it derives from "Barca-Celani", the old name for the Cávado river. Others say it derives from "barcela" which means "riverside and flat lands". Whatever, Barcelos today is the largest municipality in Portugal. It has 89 parishes and lives by agriculture, industry, culture and tourism. It was already a town in the 15th century and was important to travellers. The College (founded by the Archbishop of Braga), the Jewish community; civil and religious life all contributed to its fame. Not least the Fair of Barcelos, which is the largest fair in Minho.

After crossing the old bridge over the River Cávado, we enter into one of the most emblematic cities of popular Minho art, Barcelos. Barcelos is an ancient city, situated in an area that has archaeological remains dating back to prehistoric times, although it was really in the 12th century that its history began, first when D. Afonso Henriques granted the settlement a charter and turned it into a town, and then later, in 1298, when D. Dinis rewarded his chief steward by making him a count and giving him the town as part of his title. In 1385, the Constable Nuno Álvares Pereira became the seventh Count of Barcelos. He then gave Barcelos as a dowry in the marriage of his daughter D. Beatriz to D. Afonso, the bastard son of D. João I. There then followed a period of great development and dynamic growth for Barcelos, displayed by the building of the bridge, the city walls, of which there still remains the Torre da Porta Nova, the Paço dos Duques and the Igreja Matriz. It is these monuments that today form the city s historic centre, which still retains a pleasant mediaeval atmosphere and amidst which are scattered manor houses and other historic residences, such as the Solar dos Pinheiros or the Constable´s House. A stroll around Barcelos must necessarily include the old fairground, now known as the Campo da República, where you will find the 18th-century churches of Bom Jesus da Cruz and Nossa Senhora do Terço and where Portugal s largest handicraft fair is held every Thursday. If you miss the weekly market, you should definitely visit the Ceramics Museum and Barcelos Handicraft Centre, where you can get a good general view of Minho arts and crafts. The brightly-coloured Barcelos Cock is the most representative of all the pieces produced here, but one should not forget the brass bands and the figures depicting the region´s customs and habits. On the banks of the river Cávado, Barcelos offers the happy and warm welcome characteristic of the Minho region. If you re into popular festivals and celebrations - the Festa das Cruzes (Festival of Crosses) plunges you into the lights and colours of local tradition. For market lovers, every Thursday Barcelos becomes a centre for traders selling everything from jewellery, clothing, tools, pottery and inevitably, good food and vegetables. You ll also be impressed by the colourful and imaginative local handicrafts. The town was bestowed by King Dinis on the first Count of Barcelos in 1298. Should you arrive by the Gothic bridge, you ll see before you the ruins of the medieval centre; the imposing former Count s palace, later belonging to the Dukes of Bragança, the Matrix church and the pillory. The Terreiro do Paço square is home to an interesting open-air Archaeological Museum, while the Senhor do Galo Cross, (Lord of the Cock), also deserves special attention, with its depiction of the legend of the Cockerel that Barcelos adopted as its symbol. At the Pinheiros Noble Residence, look out for the old man with long beard engraved into the stone. This is Barbadão (beardy), swearing revenge against a noble at the Ducal Palace who had dishonoured his daughter. Of the old walls, only a robust keep has fully survived and is now an ideal location for the local Tourism Office. Take a walk through the pleasant, Baroque inspired garden and visit the Church of Senhor Bom Jesus da Cruz. This most elegant place of worship manages to blend the dark tones of granite with the whiteness of chalk in full harmony with the Baroque decoration.

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CASA DO CORREIO MOR

Ponte da Barca

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PAÇO DE CALHEIROS

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO BARREIRO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO OUTEIRO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DA VÁRZEA

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CASA DA LAGE

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CASA DO ANQUIÃO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DAS TORRES

Ponte de Lima

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Casa do Ameal

Viana do Castelo

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QUINTA DO MONTEVERDE

Viana do Castelo

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CASA DOS ASSENTOS

Barcelos

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CASA DE ALFENA

Póvoa de Lanhoso

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CASA DOS LAGOS

Braga

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CASA DA TOJEIRA

Cabeceiras de Basto

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CASA DAS PAREDES

Fafe

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CASA DE CANEDO

Celorico de Basto

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CASA DOS POMBAIS

Guimarães

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CASA DO RIBEIRO

Guimarães

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CASA DE SEZIM

Guimarães

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CASA DO CAMPO

Celorico de Basto

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Paço de São Cipriano

Guimarães

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CASA DE VILARINHO DE S. ROMÃO

Sabrosa

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CASA DAS TORRES DE OLIVEIRA

Mesão Frio

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CASA DOS VARAIS

Peso da Régua

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CASA DE SANTO ANTONIO DE BRITIANDE

Lamego

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SOLAR SAMPAIO E MELO

Trancoso

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CASA DO CONDADO DE BEIRÓS

S. Pedro do Sul

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QUINTA DE SÃO CAETANO

Viseu

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CASA DE MOGOFORES

Anadia

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CASA DAS TÍLIAS

Seia

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VILA DUPARCHY

Mealhada

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CASA DO CIMO

Fundão

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Quinta da Alcaidaria-Mór

Ourém

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CASA D'ÓBIDOS

Óbidos

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CASA DO CASTELO

Peniche

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CASA DO CRATO

Crato

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CASA DO TERREIRO DO POÇO

Borba

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QUINTA DA PRAIA DAS FONTES

Alcochete

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PALÁCIO DE RIO FRIO

Palmela

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CASA DO ROSSIO

Montemor-o-Novo

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CASA DAS BARCAS

São Roque do Pico

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CASA DAS CALHETAS

Ribeira Grande

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QUINTA DA CALÇADA

Melgaço

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QUINTA DE SANTO ANTÓNIO

Monção

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QUINTA DE CORTINHAS

Arcos de Valdevez

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QUINTA DA PROVA

Ponte da Barca

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QUINTA DO REI

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CASA DA PORTELA DE SAMPRIZ

Ponte da Barca

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QUINTA DA ALDEIA

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QUINTA DA ROSEIRA

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QUINTA DA AGRA

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Quinta do Sobreiro da Facha

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QUINTA DO CASAL DO CONDADO

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DA MATA

Chaves

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QUINTA DE PAÇO D'ANHA

Viana do Castelo

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QUINTA DE SANTA BAIA

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DE MALTA

Barcelos

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QUINTA DO SOBREIRO

Vila Verde

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QUINTA DE SÃO BENTO

Vila Verde

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QUINTA DO SOURINHO

Barcelos

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QUINTA DE SANTA COMBA

Barcelos

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QUINTA DO CONVENTO DA FRANQUEIRA

Barcelos

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QUINTA DA PONTE DO LOURO

V.N. Famalicão

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QUINTA DE CIMA DE EIRIZ

Guimarães

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QUINTA DA PICARIA

Santo Tirso

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QUINTA DA VEIGA

Sabrosa

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QUINTA DE VENTUZELA

Cinfães

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QUINTA DO TERREIRO

Lamego

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Quinta de Pindela

V.N. Famalicão

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QUINTA DA BACELADA

Meda

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QUINTA DA COMENDA

S. Pedro do Sul

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QUINTA DE SÃO LOURENÇO

Anadia

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QUINTA DO ALBERGUE DO BONJARDIM

Sertã

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MONTE DA CORTE LIGEIRA

Beja

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CASA DA EIRA

Valença

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CASA DA ENCRUZILHADA

Ponte de Lima

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MOÍNHO DE ESTORÃOS

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO TAMANQUEIRO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO MONTE

Barcelos

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CASA DE SEQUIADE

Barcelos

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CASA DO FORAL

Rio Maior

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VILLA DAS ROSAS

Sintra

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CASINHA DE MOZELOS

Paredes de Coura

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QUINTA DA BEMVISA

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DA SERRA - CERQUIDO VILLAGE

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Azenha do Rei

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Quinta do Ameal - Enoturismo

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DE CARTEMIL

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CASAS DE PORTO BOM

Ponte da Barca

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QUINTA DE SÃO SEBASTIÃO

Ponte de Lima

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Quinta do Sorilhal

Vieira do Minho

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CASA DO CASAL DO CARVALHAL

Amares

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QUINTA DO BARRACÃO DA VILARIÇA

Vila Flor

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CASA DE SANTA CRISTINA

Marco de Canaveses

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CASA DAS RENDUFAS

Torres Novas

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CASA DOS MATOS - The Nest

Porto de Mós

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QUINTA DAS LAVANDAS

Castelo de Vide

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CASA DA AL-DEIA

Rio Maior

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Moinho da senta

Rio Maior

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Casa Mar de Serra

Rio Maior

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MOINHO MÓ DA PRAIA

Santa Cruz da Graciosa

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QUINTA DO COVANCO

Alenquer

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CASAS DE ROMARIA

Mora

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MOINHO DO ÁLAMO

Montemor-o-Novo

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CASA DO ALTO DA EIRA

Cuba

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Herdade do Freixial

Odemira

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CASA DAS CORES

Mértola

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HERDADE DOS CASTELEJOS

Castro Verde

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CASAS DA CERCA

Odemira

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CASAS DA PEDRALVA

Vila do Bispo

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SOLAR DA BICA

São Vicente

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