Viana do Castelo

It is the capital of the district and is known as the "The Princess of Minho". It extends from the sea to the Lima river and has the Santa Luzia Hill on the North. King Afonso III granted it a charter in 1258. It was a fishing village. He built a tower at the mouth of the river to protect the village from pirates from Galicia and North Africa. From fishing Viana expanded to maritime commerce with Northern Europe and later with Brazil. It became one of the busiest ports in Portugal. It is also closely linked with the Age of Discoveries via a native son, Gonçalo Velho, one of the first navigators of Prince Henry, who was given the task of populating the Azores Islands. Also Fernão Martins who headed an expedition to Africa under the orders of King João II.

Viana was elevated to a city in 1847 as a reward for the loyalty of the Commander of the Castle, by Queen Maria II. Viana had been besieged by the forces of the Count of Antas, who rose against the Cabrais during the Patuleia Civil War. The Commander went to Lisbon and gave the key of the castle to the royal sovereign. She elevated Viana to a city and changed its name from Viana da Foz do Lima to Viana do Castelo. Today, its is a progressive city. Its economy is based on naval industry, commercial fishing, cellulose and food industries and recently tourism.

Viana do Castelo has been a city since 1848 and a town since 1258. Before that it was an agri-piscatorial settlement on the right bank of the Lima river that had developed from pre-Roman communities in the surrounding mountains, especially from those in the Santa Luzia Hill. There you can still visit the remains of a pre-Roman village, later romanized and inhabited at least until the 4th century. Nevertheless, on former river terraces and beaches you can still find Paleolithic remains.

In the 10th century this region was bestowed upon a Galician nobleman, Paio Vermudes, who was to found a monastery in the village of São Salvador da Torre. His descendants later restored the building. The purpose of the Municipal Charter issued by King Dom Afonso III in 1258 was to create an urban settlement by the Lima river's mouth that was to be centred on maritime trade. The new town would encompass all the population that had until then been scattered in neighbouring "towns". The Town Hall was to be in charge of the town's administration and eventually even its defence.

The wall, finished in 1374, was initially comprised of four doors, but today there are few distinguishable remains. It encircled a maritime quarter and a rock around which the town's most powerful men met. Next to that rock was to be built the donjon. Nevertheless, the parish church, rural settlements and the riverside were left out of the wall's protection. That is why in the 15th century a new church, dedicated to Santa Maria Maior, was built inside the wall thus replacing Salvador Church as the main church. Santa Maria Maior was to become the Parish Church (today the Sé/See).

In the 19th century as Viana had put up a strong resistance to the Patuleia (popular rebellion) troops, Queen Dona Maria II made it into a city on the 20th January 1848. Its name was changed to include the most important reminder of its past and its deeds: the castle (Castelo). Viana da Foz do Lima thus became Viana do Castelo for good.

18th century's economic recovery flooded Viana with new wealth that was invested in the building of the manor houses that still beautify the Lima Riverside.

Such constructions as well as churches went on arising in the 19th century. At this time Sá de Miranda Theatre, the railway station (designed by Alfredo Soares and brought about by the spreading railway network) and the metallic bridge designed by Gustave Eiffel were built.

Viana may still be proud of its recent past but is also getting ready for its leap into the next century. You just have to think of the new port on the left bank that has Darque and Cabedelo's area moving at a completely different pace. Or the new bridge that highlights IC1 road's importance to the linking of Valença, Viana and Oporto. Or the industrial center and Higher Education facilities. Or even the new recreational dock, the marina, the tourist facilities on the riverside. Or the historical centre and its century-old streets. Or, finally, an entire municipality aware of its own strength and willing to improve itself.

No results.

CASA DO CORREIO MOR

Ponte da Barca

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PAÇO DE CALHEIROS

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO BARREIRO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO OUTEIRO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DA VÁRZEA

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DA LAGE

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO ANQUIÃO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DAS TORRES

Ponte de Lima

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Casa do Ameal

Viana do Castelo

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QUINTA DO MONTEVERDE

Viana do Castelo

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CASA DOS ASSENTOS

Barcelos

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CASA DE ALFENA

Póvoa de Lanhoso

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CASA DOS LAGOS

Braga

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CASA DA TOJEIRA

Cabeceiras de Basto

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CASA DAS PAREDES

Fafe

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CASA DE CANEDO

Celorico de Basto

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CASA DOS POMBAIS

Guimarães

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CASA DO RIBEIRO

Guimarães

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CASA DE SEZIM

Guimarães

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CASA DO CAMPO

Celorico de Basto

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Paço de São Cipriano

Guimarães

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CASA DE VILARINHO DE S. ROMÃO

Sabrosa

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CASA DAS TORRES DE OLIVEIRA

Mesão Frio

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CASA DOS VARAIS

Peso da Régua

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CASA DE SANTO ANTONIO DE BRITIANDE

Lamego

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SOLAR SAMPAIO E MELO

Trancoso

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CASA DO CONDADO DE BEIRÓS

S. Pedro do Sul

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QUINTA DE SÃO CAETANO

Viseu

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CASA DE MOGOFORES

Anadia

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CASA DAS TÍLIAS

Seia

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VILA DUPARCHY

Mealhada

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CASA DO CIMO

Fundão

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Quinta da Alcaidaria-Mór

Ourém

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CASA D'ÓBIDOS

Óbidos

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CASA DO CASTELO

Peniche

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CASA DO CRATO

Crato

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CASA DO TERREIRO DO POÇO

Borba

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QUINTA DA PRAIA DAS FONTES

Alcochete

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PALÁCIO DE RIO FRIO

Palmela

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CASA DO ROSSIO

Montemor-o-Novo

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CASA DAS BARCAS

São Roque do Pico

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CASA DAS CALHETAS

Ribeira Grande

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QUINTA DA CALÇADA

Melgaço

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QUINTA DE SANTO ANTÓNIO

Monção

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QUINTA DE CORTINHAS

Arcos de Valdevez

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QUINTA DA PROVA

Ponte da Barca

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QUINTA DO REI

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DA PORTELA DE SAMPRIZ

Ponte da Barca

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QUINTA DA ALDEIA

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DA ROSEIRA

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DA AGRA

Ponte de Lima

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Quinta do Sobreiro da Facha

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DO CASAL DO CONDADO

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DA MATA

Chaves

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QUINTA DE PAÇO D'ANHA

Viana do Castelo

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QUINTA DE SANTA BAIA

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DE MALTA

Barcelos

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QUINTA DO SOBREIRO

Vila Verde

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QUINTA DE SÃO BENTO

Vila Verde

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QUINTA DO SOURINHO

Barcelos

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QUINTA DE SANTA COMBA

Barcelos

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QUINTA DO CONVENTO DA FRANQUEIRA

Barcelos

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QUINTA DA PONTE DO LOURO

V.N. Famalicão

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QUINTA DE CIMA DE EIRIZ

Guimarães

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QUINTA DA PICARIA

Santo Tirso

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QUINTA DA VEIGA

Sabrosa

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QUINTA DE VENTUZELA

Cinfães

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QUINTA DO TERREIRO

Lamego

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Quinta de Pindela

V.N. Famalicão

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QUINTA DA BACELADA

Meda

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QUINTA DA COMENDA

S. Pedro do Sul

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QUINTA DE SÃO LOURENÇO

Anadia

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QUINTA DO ALBERGUE DO BONJARDIM

Sertã

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MONTE DA CORTE LIGEIRA

Beja

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CASA DA EIRA

Valença

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CASA DA ENCRUZILHADA

Ponte de Lima

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MOÍNHO DE ESTORÃOS

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO TAMANQUEIRO

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DO MONTE

Barcelos

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CASA DE SEQUIADE

Barcelos

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CASA DO FORAL

Rio Maior

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VILLA DAS ROSAS

Sintra

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CASINHA DE MOZELOS

Paredes de Coura

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QUINTA DA BEMVISA

Ponte de Lima

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CASA DA SERRA - CERQUIDO VILLAGE

Ponte de Lima

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Azenha do Rei

Ponte de Lima

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Quinta do Ameal - Enoturismo

Ponte de Lima

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QUINTA DE CARTEMIL

Ponte de Lima

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CASAS DE PORTO BOM

Ponte da Barca

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QUINTA DE SÃO SEBASTIÃO

Ponte de Lima

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Quinta do Sorilhal

Vieira do Minho

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CASA DO CASAL DO CARVALHAL

Amares

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QUINTA DO BARRACÃO DA VILARIÇA

Vila Flor

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CASA DE SANTA CRISTINA

Marco de Canaveses

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CASA DAS RENDUFAS

Torres Novas

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CASA DOS MATOS - The Nest

Porto de Mós

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QUINTA DAS LAVANDAS

Castelo de Vide

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CASA DA AL-DEIA

Rio Maior

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Moinho da senta

Rio Maior

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Casa Mar de Serra

Rio Maior

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MOINHO MÓ DA PRAIA

Santa Cruz da Graciosa

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QUINTA DO COVANCO

Alenquer

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CASAS DE ROMARIA

Mora

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MOINHO DO ÁLAMO

Montemor-o-Novo

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CASA DO ALTO DA EIRA

Cuba

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Herdade do Freixial

Odemira

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CASA DAS CORES

Mértola

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HERDADE DOS CASTELEJOS

Castro Verde

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CASAS DA CERCA

Odemira

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CASAS DA PEDRALVA

Vila do Bispo

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SOLAR DA BICA

São Vicente

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