The medieval town of Ourem is positioned on a hill, about a km from the new town of Ourem and, in general, marks the hinge between two landscapes: a landscape of limestone and southern mountain ranges, and a landscape of sandstone, mudslides and rivers to the north.
At the top of the hill lies the castle, endowed with a strategic position of the territory surrounding area.
This walled town, with human occupation since pre-history, developed especially in the medieval period from two axes: a military axis and a religious axis. After its recapture from the Moors, the first king of Portugal donated it to his daughter Teresa, who in 1180 gave it the first charter and its coat of arms, giving rise to the coat of Ourem.
During the village elation county head, the third count, Nuno Alvares Pereira, and above all the Fourth Earl D. Afonso (his grandson and the grandson of King John I), printed it great glow. This illustrious fifteenth century was responsible for the construction and consolidation of the main monuments of the town.
Ali established the collegial and lift up the palace of the Counts of Ourém to install his residence. This national monument, composed of a central tower two towers, the presence spreads, so already the transnationalism of Ourem and the avant-garde vision of Afonso, who printed it influences of the North African and Italian architecture. Count This 4 Ourémm recovered Castle, composed of three towers, which enclosure houses a tank that holds water during the previous year, still protruding D. Mécia tower, where the queen will have been retained. Also built the Gothic fountain, a fine example of Gothic in Portugal, where the French invasions have left traces of their passage through Ourem to behead the head of the eagle that includes the coat of arms. On the ground floor of the former collegiate church is the crypt. At the center of this chapel dome is the tomb of D. Afonso, with their weapons at the head and two cranes to toe. In recumbent statue stands the Count's face, considered one of the best carved in Portugal before the Renaissance. The Pillory Square through the pillory, the former home of the House and the old chains of Ourem, near evokes political power and legal and administrative of this town, which was once the county seat. The old Chamber welcomes the municipal gallery and the tourist office in the service of the arts and dissemination of local culture. In the old chain works Ucharia do Conde, while tasting room and sales of local cuisine, in particular the medieval wine Ourem. The medieval village is enriched through the streets with medieval features, tearing the white houses, the traditional trade and the people who live there. Out of doors, the visit extends the hill slopes down the historic sidewalk Carapita, stopping the source of the horses and the Walk of Life Women, which runs to Mediterranean forest bag.
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