Given a town charter by King Dinis, Borba is the centre of an administrative area which is small but fiercely proud of its identity. This identity dates back to the very foundation of Portugal as a nation-state, as proved by the castle and city walls ordered built by King Afonso II. The whole place was built with local marble, including the paving stones in the streets. What to see:. The late 16th-century Church of São Bartolomeu is full of marble treasures, including the altars, tables, porticos, fonts, balustrades, basins and stairs. Rising above is a splendid vaulted Renaissance-style ceiling with medallions and religious paintings. In the centre of the town is a huge white marble tank and fountain built by Queen Maria I in 1781. It is not know whether local delicacies and the famous wine produced here were responsible for the chubby king s nickname. But it is highly likely... Other reasons must have led the Order of Servas de Cristo (Servants of Christ) to build their convent here. A sign that this choice was not made in vain can be seen in the Museu dos Cristos (Christ Museum) in Vila de Lobos, where for many years one could visit one of the largest collections of depictions of Christ in Portugal. All of this can also be related to the festival held on the weekend nearest to August 15 and dedicated to Nossa Senhor Jesus dos Aflitos. But Borba is also famous for its marble which has been used in buildings all over the country and the rest of the world and which is now one of the area s most important economic resources. Visit Borba, feast your eyes on its beauty, drink a glass of white or red wine along with some local cheese or sausage, and you will certainly want to come back one day!